Children

Child Health 0 – 5 Years

Children’s Immunisation Schedule

Here’s a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the age at which you should ideally have them.

Routine childhood immunisations

When to immunise

Diseases protected against

Vaccine given

Site**

Two months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pediacel) Thigh
Pneumococcal disease PCV (Prevenar 13) Thigh
Rotavirus Rotavirus (Rotarix) By mouth
Meningococcal group B MenB (Bexsero) Left thigh
Three months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Hib DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pediacel) Thigh
Meningococcal group C disease (MenC) Men C (NeisVac-C or Menjugate) Thigh
Rotavirus Rotavirus (Rotarix) By mouth
Four months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Hib DTaP/IPV/Hib (Pediacel) Thigh
Pneumococcal disease PCV (Prevenar 13) Thigh
Meningococcal group B MenB (Bexsero) Left thigh
Between 12 and 13 months old – within a month of the first birthday Hib/MenC Hib/MenC (Menitorix) Upper arm/thigh
Pneumococcal disease PCV (Prevenar 13) Upper arm/thigh
Measles, mumpsand rubella (German measles) MMR(Priorix or MMR VaxPRO) Upper arm/thigh
Meningococcal group B MenB booster (Bexsero) Left thigh
Three years four months old or soon after Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio dTaP/IPV (Repevax) or DTaP/IPV(Infanrix-IPV) Upper arm
Measles, mumpsand rubella MMR (Priorix or MMR VaxPRO)(check first dose has been given) Upper arm

Please note

** Where two or more injections are required at once, these should ideally be given in different limbs. Where this is not possible, injections in the same limb should be given 2.5cm apart.

Flu vaccination

Children aged between 2 and 6 years old (including school years 1 and 2) are offered the Fluenz-Tetra live influenza vaccine which is given each year via both nostrils. Our flu clinics run from the end of September each year and will be advertised nearer the time.

Immunisations for at-risk children

When to immunise

Diseases protected against

Vaccine given

Site

At birth,
1 month old,
2 months old
and 12 months old
Hepatitis B Hep B Thigh
At birth Tuberculosis BCG Upper arm (intradermal)

Child Health 6 to 15 Years

Routine childhood immunisations

Girls aged 12 to 13 years old Cervical cancer caused by human papillomavirus types 16 and 18
(and genital warts caused by types 6 and 11)
HPV (Gardasil) Upper arm
Around 14 years old Tetanus, diphtheria and polio Td/IPV (Revaxis), and check MMR status Upper arm
Meningococcal groups A, C, W and Y disease MenACWY (Nimenrix/Menveo) Upper arm

Please note

** Where two or more injections are required at once, these should ideally be given in different limbs. Where this is not possible, injections in the same limb should be given 2.5cm apart.

The Meningitis C vaccination will be introduced during the 2013/14 academic year and the vaccine supplied will depend on the brands available at the time of ordering


When Should I Worry?

Having an ill child can be a very scary experience for parents. If you understand more about the illness it can help you to feel more in control. This booklet is for parents (and older children) and deals with common infections in children who are normally healthy.

Download the booklet

 

There is a good guide on the NHS website which describes various conditions affecting children. There is advice on how to diagnose them, how to treat them and if further advice should be consulted.

NHS childhood illness slideshow


Fevers

Most symptoms of a fever in young children can be managed at home with infant paracetamol. If the fever is very high, they may have an infection that needs treating with antibiotics.


Head Lice

Head lice are insects that live on the scalp and neck. They may make your head feel itchy. Although head lice may be embarrassing and sometimes uncomfortable, they don’t usually cause illness. However, they won’t clear up on their own and you need to treat them promptly


Nosebleeds

Nosebleeds (also known as epistaxis) are fairly common, especially in children, and can generally be easily treated.


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Conditions and Treatments

See the NHS Choices Conditions and Treatments browser for an in-depth description of many common health issues.

These links all come from trusted resources but if you are unsure about these or any other medical matters please contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice

Contact us today on 01392 255722 or get in touch online for quality caring healthcare.